Addis Ababa, which in Amharic means “New Flower”, is the capital and unique metropolis of Ethiopia. Founded by Emperor Menelik in 1987, Addis Ababa is of relatively recent origin and lacks ancient landmarks, but it is somewhat like an ancient walled city, sitting within the embrace of numerous elegant hills and four major mountains- Zukwala to the South, Entoto to the North, Yerer to the East, and Wuchacha to the West. Addis Ababa is a panoramic plateau metropolis at between 2200 – 2600 meters above sea level and is the third highest city in the world with an average temperature of 160 c.
Addis Ababa is the seat of the political, social, economic and cultural life of Ethiopia. Besides, it is graced as Africa’s diplomatic capital with the presence of the head quarter of African Union; and is also the port of entry for most travellers.
Addis Abeba also stands guard over many museums, palaces of vanished Emperors, monuments of the nation’s heroes, broad squares, cathedrals, churches, mosques, souvenir and gift shops, Africa’s largest outdoor market, night clubs, folkloric fares, handicraft centres, and traditional restaurants for cultural nights. All these reflect the composite image of the entire nation. It is only with Noble Conference and Tours that you can fully experience the poetry of this quaint city. We have arranged a range of packages to help you see the best of Addis Ababa including our best Highlights and Reality tours of the city.
National Museum is one of the highlights of Addis Ababa where rich cultural and archaeological relics including “ Lucy” 3.2 million year old hominid are cherished. The other important museum is the Anthropological Museum which is highly respected for its rich collection of historical, cultural and religious relics and paintings.
Merkato is the perfect place to experience the sights and sounds of Addis Ababa. From cosmopolitan down towns to the busiest and the largest open air market of the continent named as Merkato, a name given to the place by Italians during their five years occupation of the city. You’ll travel past famous landmarks, broad squares, monuments and statues and you will take a short stroll along the colourful streets of the market to view the dazzling hive of activities that permeates at every corner and alley of Merkato.
Entoto Hills offer a stupendous view of the city with its surrounding plains and volcanic cones. In 1881 Emperor Menelik II made his permanent capital there until he moved to the new city Addis Ababa in 1887.
St George Cathedral is dedicated to the Patron Saint of Ethiopia and is a traditionally octagonal shaped building constructed in 1896 by Emperor Menelik to commemorate his victory over Adwa. The cathedral’s museum has a good collection of religious and historical relics. The murals in the cathedral have been painted by Ethiopia’s famous artist Afework Tekle.
Trinity Cathedral was built in memory of Ethiopia’s liberation from five years of Italian occupation. It is also the second most important place of worship in Ethiopia (after St. Mary’s in Axum), and the highest ranking of Addis Ababa’s four Orthodox cathedrals. Emperor Haile Selassie built a mausoleum for his family in the crypt under the Cathedral, and the Imperial family continue to use it as their tomb. Trinity Cathedral has been the site of many great church and state ceremonies, including the enthronements of the Patriarchs of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the consecration of all Archbishops and Bishops.
The Menelik Mausoleum is built in 1911, in the old Baata church. Among other various historical and religious relics, the mausoleum houses the tomb of Emperor Menelik II it also includes the graves of members of his family.
Africa Hall is the seat of the UN Economic Commission for Africa. The most interesting part inside are the monumental stained glass windows by Ethiopia’s senior artist Afewerk Tekle with the title “Africa: Past, Present and Future”. The original building was built in 1963.
Monuments and Statues of Addis Ababa tell great stories of vanished Emperors and Heroes. Menelik II Statue, located at the heart of the city near the City Hall and the St. George Cathedral, is erected in commemoration of the battle of Adowa. With similar greatness, the other monuments and statues such as The statue of Abune Petros, the archbishop executed by the Italian invading troops, the liberation monument around Arat Kilo, the martyrs’ monument around Sidest kilo, the Andinet statue erected in memory of the fallen troops during the invasion of Somalia, and the Lion of Judah erected in front of the Ethio-Djibouti Railway are some of the symbolic treasures in the country’s history